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A Guide to Unique Wildlife on the Islands of Australia

Australia is home to some of the most unique and interesting wildlife found anywhere in the world. From the iconic kangaroos that inhabit the mainland to the breathtakingly beautiful birds and mammals that call the islands of Australia home, there is no shortage of fascinating animals to discover. This guide will take you on a journey to explore some of the unique wildlife that call the islands of Australia their home.

Tasmania

Tasmania is a small island located off the coast of Australia, and it is home to some of the most interesting wildlife of the region. One of the most iconic animals of the island is the Tasmanian devil, a species of marsupial that is known for its loud growls and strong jaws. Other animals found on Tasmania include the echidna, a small spiny anteater, and the wedge-tailed eagle, a large bird of prey that is often seen soaring through the skies.

Kangaroo Island

Kangaroo Island is one of the largest islands off the coast of Australia, and it is home to a diverse range of wildlife. One of the most unique animals found on the island is the short-beaked echidna, a small egg-laying mammal that is rarely seen anywhere else in the world. Other animals found on Kangaroo Island include the tammar wallaby, a species of small wallaby that inhabits the island’s grasslands, and the rare Southern brown bandicoot, a marsupial that is known for its distinctive long snout.

Lord Howe Island

Lord Howe Island is a small island located off the coast of New South Wales. The island is home to a variety of unique species, including the Lord Howe Island stick insect, a large species of insect that is found nowhere else in the world. Other animals found on Lord Howe Island include the Lord Howe Island currawong, a species of large blackbird, and the Lord Howe Island fantail, a small bird with a distinctive fan-shaped tail.

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Macleay Island

Macleay Island is a small island located off the coast of Queensland. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the southern cassowary, a large flightless bird that is known for its bright blue and yellow feathers. Other animals found on Macleay Island include the eastern water dragon, a species of lizard that is often seen basking in the sun, and the green tree frog, a small amphibian that is known for its bright green colour.

Bruny Island

Bruny Island is a large island located off the coast of Tasmania. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the white-bellied sea eagle, a species of large bird of prey that is often seen soaring through the skies. Other animals found on Bruny Island include the albatross, a large seabird that is known for its impressive wingspan, and the little penguin, a small species of penguin that is only found in Tasmania.

Rottnest Island

Rottnest Island is a small island located off the coast of Western Australia. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the quokka, a small species of marsupial that is known for its friendly nature and its unique smile. Other animals found on Rottnest Island include the black-flanked rock-wallaby, a species of small wallaby that is often seen hopping through the rocky terrain, and the dusky moorhen, a small waterbird that is known for its distinctive red beak.

Melville Island

Melville Island is a large island located off the coast of the Northern Territory. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the green sea turtle, a species of marine turtle that is often seen swimming in the waters around the island. Other animals found on Melville Island include the saltwater crocodile, a large reptile that is known for its territorial behaviour, and the Gouldian finch, a small species of finch that is known for its colourful plumage.

Baudin Island

Baudin Island is a small island located off the coast of South Australia. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the southern hairy-nosed wombat, a species of small marsupial that is known for its friendly nature. Other animals found on Baudin Island include the Australian sea lion, a large marine mammal that is often seen sunbathing on the shore, and the hooded plover, a small shorebird that is known for its distinctive black and white feathers.

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Flinders Island

Flinders Island is a large island located off the coast of Victoria. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the eastern quoll, a small marsupial that is rarely seen anywhere else in the world. Other animals found on Flinders Island include the white-bellied sea eagle, a large bird of prey that is often seen soaring through the skies, and the short-tailed shearwater, a small seabird that is known for its long-distance migrations.

Barrow Island

Barrow Island is a large island located off the coast of Western Australia. The island is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the golden bandicoot, a small species of marsupial that is rarely seen anywhere else in the world. Other animals found on Barrow Island include the black-footed rock-wallaby, a species of small wallaby that is often seen hopping through the rocky terrain, and the Australian sea lion, a large marine mammal that is often seen sunbathing on the shore.

Eyre Peninsula

The Eyre Peninsula is a large peninsula located off the coast of South Australia. The peninsula is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the Australian sea lion, a large marine mammal that is often seen sunbathing on the shore. Other animals found on the Eyre Peninsula include the southern hairy-nosed wombat, a species of small marsupial that is known for its friendly nature, and the hooded plover, a small shorebird that is known for its distinctive black and white feathers.

Bass Strait Islands

The Bass Strait Islands are a group of small islands located off the coast of Tasmania and Victoria. The islands are home to a variety of unique wildlife, including the white-bellied sea eagle, a species of large bird of prey that is often seen soaring through the skies. Other animals found on the Bass Strait Islands include the albatross, a large seabird that is known for its impressive wingspan, and the little penguin, a small species of penguin that is only found in Tasmania.

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Summary

Australia is home to some of the most unique and interesting wildlife in the world, and the islands of Australia are no exception. From the iconic Tasmanian devil to the rarely seen golden bandicoot, the islands of Australia are home to a variety of unique species that can’t be found anywhere else. This guide has explored some of the most unique wildlife that call the islands of Australia home, from marsupials and birds of prey to sea lions and penguins.